Just Enough Items
The mod Just Enough Items adds everything boxed in yellow. On the right, you can find every block and item in the modpack. By default, you can click any item, or hover over the item and then hit R, and you will see the crafting recipe for that item.
Press R while looking at an item to see its recipe
On the left of this menu, you can see everything that you can craft that recipe in. At the top, you can see all the different methods it can be crafted.
Click the tabs on the top to see the different blocks its used in
For instance, you can get 6 Wooden Planks when you put a log into a Sawmill and provide it with energy (the red bar on the left).
You can left click on an item, or hover over it then hit U, to see all the uses for that item.
Hit U to see what recipes use it
Again, on the left you have everything that can use those recipes, and on top you have all the different machines it can be used in.
You can see that Wooden Planks can smelt 1.5 items in a Furnace
Recipes that use fluids will display the amount in mB, which stands for millibuckets. 1000mB is equal to one bucket of that fluid.
144mB is usually one ingot
The text box at the bottom is the search bar. Type things in it to filter the item list. You can type @ followed by the mod name to filter to only items from that mod.
"@Botania" would show all items from the mod Botania
Some recipes use something called the Ore Dictionary. This isn't a block or item, but a mechanic to allow multiple items to work in place of each other in certain recipes. An example would be a machine needing ingotCopper, which would be a Copper Ingot from any mod. JEI will rotate through all items in the Ore Dictionary that will work with the recipe, and you can hover over it to see what it needs.
You can hover over items and hit A to save them to your bookmarked items, which will appear to the left of the inventory and stay there until you hit A on them again. You can temporarily hide the bookmarks by clicking the button at the bottom left corner.